Conquering Karnataka for Dummies - 21st Century Edition

Want to conquer Karnataka in the 21st century? First, migrate. Second, migrate. Third, migrate. Fourth, migrate. Fifth....

This is the story of Belagavi which continues to face the onslaught of Marathi migrants and government after irresponsible government in Maharashtra which goes back on its own word and then encourages its residents to migrate to Karnataka and slowly "conquer" Karnataka, and helps rogue organizations such as MES create tension in Karnataka.

The Truth about Belagavi

If you go back to the days of Sangolli Rayanna who lived in Sangolli in Belagavi district, or to the post-independence days, Belagavi has had a Kannadiga majority. And yes, today's Sangli in Maharashtra was a Kannadiga district originally known as Sangolli.

As recent as in 1924, in the 39th Indian National Congress held at Belagavi and presided by M.K. Gandhi, it was reiterated that Belagavi belongs to the Mysore state. Time and again, several more sessions of the INC across the length and breadth of India have reiterated this fact.

For those who have forgotten or haven't noticed, the Mumbai State Assembly consented to handover Belagavi to Mysore during the first state re-organization in 1956 on the grounds of that being a Kannadiga-majority area.

Maharashtra's volte face on Mahajan Report

However, truth is weaker than politics, especially if the truth's politics is weaker than the lie's politics.

In 1966, yielding to pressure mounted by political forces from Maharashtra, the Centre requested Justice Mehr Chand Mahajan to form a commission and recommend an amicable solution to what Maharashtra had started terming as the "border problem". The commission's decisions were made with four primary principles in mind:
  1. Protecting and Strengthening the nation's unity and integrity
  2. Keeping people of same language & culture together under one governance
  3. Considering financial, commerical & administerial feasibility
  4. Success of national programs and the effect of re-organisation on them.
While both states agreed to abide by this commission's report regardless of the outcome, Maharashtra (unlike Karnataka) failed to keep its word - it refused to abide by the recommendations of the commission.

Why? Because when you lose the game, you want to change the rules of the game. As per the Mahajan report, while quite a few villages were transferred to Maharashtra on the basis of linguistic majority, the town and the taluk of Belagavi were retained in Karnataka. This pricked the ego of some chauvinistic Marathi bodies like the MES (which incidentally finds enough ridicule in the report) which have unfortunately (but not surprisingly in this age where the better politician is the better divider) held enough sway on the politicians of Maharashtra. All these have basically led to the current scene of contention over the Belagavi district of Karnataka. Owing to this the Mahajan commission is pending implementation even after 4 decades!

Before we leave this topic, yes, Kasargod will be transferred to Karnataka as per the recommendations of the Mahajan Report. So much for those who claim that Karnataka is playing a double-game. Nope. We play one and only one game. The game where (we're told) truth alone wins.

What we got in return for entertaining migration of Marathis

Migration of Marathi speakers to Belagavi has exponentially increased from the days of the Mahajan Report up to now. Karnataka is today the top destination for Marathis who wish to leave Maharashtra to find a better life. However, as is common in any area on the border between two linguistic states, migrant Marathi speakers from across the border have always lived together with the Kannadigas and become one with them. There have been a host of facilities and benefits that Marathi migrants have been receiving inside Belagavi which they found lacking in their own state - for e.g., educational institutions, various government bodies, basic supplies, and most importantly the supply of electricity.

But what has Karnataka got in return for this royal treatment of Marathi migrants? Unrest and tension due to chauvinistic groups such as the MES, and yeah lots, lots, lots of water. So much water that many, many Kannadigas and Marathis have drowned and died in it! We're referring to the display of utter disregard for Karnataka by Maharashtra which has recklessly released excess waters from its rivers towards Belagavi and other northern districts of Karnataka.

Migration is twenty-first century conquering

A simple comparison of linguistic census numbers of villages in and around Belagavi during the fifties and sixties (data collected by the Mahajan Report) with the data of the seventies shows that there has been a steady migration of Marathi speakers from across the border. This phenomenon which created Marathi minorities to begin with has already led to Marathi majorities in several villages.

So if the trend continues, it shouldn't come as a surprise if within the next few decades Marathis "conquer" Belagavi and then move on to Dharwad, Raichur, Uttara Kannada or even all the way to Maisuru - especially with the central government having a commission to legitimize such migrations.

15 comments:

shambu said...

Excellent Guru !!

Sudeep said...

there is migration in europe too. they don't face problem like this. They have everything under control. England is still known as English country.

There is something wrong here..............................

Sudeep said...

Conquering is kind of imposing a war then. So, Is Karnataka ready to face the war on the enemy?

Anonymous said...

http://www.languageinindia.com/dec2002/karnatakaeducationpolicy.html

Marathi speaking % has reduced from 1961-1991! So please stop telling about Marathis invading KA. The % has gone down!

Now take a look at this:
www.maharashtra.gov.in/english/gazetteer/Solapur/people_population.html - 115k -

That should settle once and for all this claim of Kannada-majority. 11.45 % declared Kannada as their mother tongue in 1961-when the state was formed.

Now take a look at this link:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/States_of_India_by_Kannada_speakers

Will you accept that the largest Kannada population outside KA is in MH? Are they invading MH?

Now please look at this:

http://www.maharashtra.gov.in/english/ecoSurvey/ecoSurvey2005-06/eng/cha_3e.pdf.


In this it is clearly given that the largest influx of migrants is from UP and then KA!

There have been a host of facilities and benefits that Marathi migrants have been receiving inside Belagavi which they found lacking in their own state - for e.g., educational institutions, various government bodies, basic supplies, and most importantly the supply of electricity...

Maharashta is better devoloped than KA man. Otherwise why did your Solapur Kannadigas refuse to join KA when RR Patil asked them to whether they wanted to go? Didnt MP Prakash want a vote? Kannadigas are getting a better life here in MH than they were in KA.
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Cities/More_migrants_in_smaller_towns/articleshow/2788823.cms

Please check out the above article and tell me what you think. How Hindi % in Maharashtra increase so much?
http://www.maharashtra.gov.in/english/gazetteer/SANGLI/people_languages.html

Please see the above link and tell me about Kannada being the majority language in Sangli??

Mahesh said...

Bengaluru, Mumbai, Belagavi (forget Chennai) will be made as union territories. dont believe me?
why then our coward CM says that he cannot hoist Kannada flag in belagavi & only tri colour will be hoisted it seems.

They say fate, is not without a sense of irony.

Jai Veerupaksha said...

Why can't India come up with an objective framework to regulate and track migrations across states?

Why can't India enforce a law that debates on borders will not be entertained let alone redrawn?

If India cannot do this, then India will only exist as a physical entity in the long run.Slowly and steadily the feeling of India will start getting wiped out as has already started happening in the North East.

Jai Veerupaksha said...

Very objective analysis and inferences on the BeLagavi issue.But I'm sure the guys in power at the centre are not oblivious to thee happenings. Then

Why can't India come up with an objective framework to regulate and track migrations across states?

Why can't India enforce a law that debates on borders will not be entertained let alone redrawn?

If India cannot do this, then India will only exist as a physical entity in the long run.Slowly and steadily the feeling of India will start getting wiped out from the minds of people as has already started happening in the North East.

Jockey said...

Anonymous

#1. A decrease in the percentage of Marathi speakers in Karnataka does not mean that migration has reduced. Consider the increase in Karnataka's population, and you'll see the point. From 1991 to 2001, Karnataka's population increased by 17.5%, and the percentage of Marathi speakers remained dropped from 3.64% to 3.6%. Now put two and two together and tell me if Marathi migration into Karnataka increased or decreased.

#2. I'm not surprised by the fact that Sollapura has only 11.5% Kannadigas. That's because Sollapura has suffered Marathi migration from the ages. The word Sholapur is recent and speaks of the undue place given to Urdu and Hindi even at the cost of destroying the Kannadiga history of the place.

#3. The fact that the largest population of Kannadigas outside Karnataka is in Maharashtra need not come as a surprise. That's a fact. The whole of Maharashtra was Karnataka from the ages. Marathi influence on the history of Maharashtra begins with Shivaji who you call as a Marathi, but who was really Kannadiga as pointed out by "maaysa" on this thread and many eminent historians. And why didn't Kannadigas in Sollapura "go" to Karnataka when asked by RR Patil? Because nobody wants to leave their homes and go. Will Marathis leave Belagavi if asked to leave?

#4. The question is not whether Maharashtra is more developed or Karnataka. The question is - what is the direction of the "local gradient" of development around Belagavi. Get the point?

#5. Your point of Hindi migration is irrelevant here. Kannadigas and Marathis both face that problem. That is something we should together solve.

#6. Regarding Sangli - the article talks about what Sangli *was* and not what it *is* today. Sangli, like Sollapura has suffered heavy Marathi migration.

Santosh said...

Rightly said Jockey.
The problem is not with the politicians(supposedly policy makers), its with us who are divided.

pavana said...

Pavana

In my school days, I once had knocked the door of a stranger and yelled at him because he had dumped the national flag in his balcony.
Last month, when I was out of India for a business trip, when someone asked where I was from, I said 'I am from Karnataka'.

I am not sure about the reason for this transformation but yes, these days, I have started preferring being identified as a Kannadiga rather than an Indian. May be because, I (as a kannadiga) am so different from an Indian. Be it in culture, mentality, attitude or development index.

I Agree with Jai Virupaksha when he says, we need to come up with a frame work to regulate and track migration.

A frame work with which we can create a union of the states, some thing like the European union.

A frame work where we can share the economy, trading, and market but have different names, maps and flags.

I dream of having a Karnataka Passport!

Anonymous said...

Nice summary about the facts of Karnataka standing. The ~ 20 to 30 % of Maharashtra was with Mysore Asthana. That you can understand by seeing the name of the places of Maharashtra.

From other blogspot:
http://karnatique.blogspot.com/2009/01/shall-we-say-give-us-akkalakote-jatta.html#comment-form

Such as:
Akkalakote, Jatta, Sangli, Karad, Kendur, Poyanadu, Shirola, Kallamatha and Devarakoppa, Akkalakoppa, Ulavi, Attigere, Mosale, Nerur, Pale, Devur, Doni, Nirgade, Kanakavalli, Brahmanala, Ganagapura, Kuradiwadi, Kalasa....and...thousands of other villages in Maharashtra"?

Today is Karnataka border issue, tomorrow is Maharashtra or other states. someone come up with migrant issue. Who knows?

I think central govt should define a finest rule so that nobody should come with border issue.

maaysa said...

Good article.

It is invasion through immigration.

Tamils doing it, Telugus doing it, even some Konkani dared to ask for a couple of Taluks in Uttara Kannada, Marathis doing it, Hindis doing it.

Ooty was dominatingly Kannada-Badaga area. Today is being filled with Srilankan Tamil refugees as Plantation workers.

Actually Kannadas too are slowly learning from all these people. As Kappa-are-bhatta's famous words
"ಸಾಧೂನ್ಗೆ ಸಾಧು, ಮಾದೂರ್ಯಂಗೆ ಮಾದೂರ್ಯಂ,
ಬಾದಿಪ್ಪ ಕಾಲಿಗೆ , ಕಲಿಯುಗ ವಿಪರೀತನ್,
ಮಾಧವನೀತನ್ ಪೆರನಲ್ಲ."

We Kannadas need to treat a Marathi, just like a Marathi treats a Kannada.
We Kannadas need to treat a Tamil, just like a Tamil treats a Kannada.
We Kannadas need to treat a Hindi, just like a Hindi treats a Kannada.
We Kannadas need to treat a X, just like a X treats a Kannada.

Kannadiga said...

"We Kannadas need to treat a X, just like a X treats a Kannada"
Kannadigas give everyone a chance to be our friend. It they chose to be our foe.. what you say is right.

Kannadiga said...

pavana said right in the beggining. that transformation came in myself as well. but this has to come in other kannadigas as well, everyone else has to realise and help build a stronghold, a fortress so that no migrant can break.

KIRAN JL said...

DAYAVITTU ELLARU ELLA KANNADIGARIGU EE GROUP NA PARICHAYISI/PROMOTE MADI PLEASE.ELLAKADE KANNADAVANNU PASARISONA."ENDENDIGU KANNADA",SIRIGANNADAM GELGE

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